GR716B - LEON3FT Microcontroller

The GR716B is a radiation-hardened microcontroller featuring the fault-tolerant LEON3 SPARC V8 processor. Based on the GR716A design, the GR716B has been developed to provide higher computational performance and excellent communication interfaces.

This page describes a running development and no guarantees can be given concerning future product availability. All information on this page is subject to change without notice. Please click this link to sign up to receive notifications about product and documentation updates.

 

Specification

- System frequency up-to 100 MHz

- SpaceWire links up-to 200 Mbps

- CQFP132 hermetically sealed ceramic package

- Total Ionizing Dose (TID) up to 300 krad (Si) (TBC)

- Single-Event Latch-up Immunity (SEL) to LETTH > 118 MeV-cm2mg (TBC)

- Single-Event Upset (SEU) below TBD errors per device and day in space environment

- Support for single 3.3V supply

 

Architecture

The GR716B is based on a LEON3FT processor and two real-time accelerators (RTA). It embeds 192 KiB of on-chip RAM memory and it also provides fault tolerant memory controllers to provide access to off-chip memories.

The list of I/O interfaces includes SpaceWire router, Ethernet, MIL-STD-1553B, CAN, PacketWire, programmable PWM interface, SPI with SPI-for-Space protocols, UART, I2C, GPIO.

The analog functions include radiation hardened cores such as DAC and ADC, analog comparator, precision voltage reference, power-on reset, brownout detector, low drop-out regulator (LDO), PLL and all active parts for a crystal oscillator (XO).

From a system perspective, the GR716B offers on-chip voltage regulators for single supply support and the capability to sense core voltage for trimming of the embedded voltage regulator for low power applications. The LEON3 features single-cycle instructions execution and data fetch from the tightly coupled memories. Execution determinism is guaranteed by the deterministic instruction execution time and fixed interrupt latency. 

Real Time Accelerators

The GR716B includes two real-time accelerators (RTA),
whose function is off-loading the main LEON3 processor of
demanding real-time control tasks. Each RTA has access to
tightly coupled memories for instruction and data, thereby
allowing single-cycle access and facilitating the design of realtime application software. This also enables control of
multiple real-time critical applications such as DC/DC
converters from one and the same RTA.

SpaceWire Router

The GR716B implements a SpaceWire router with two external ports, one internal port and time distribution support. The I/O interfaces are LVDS with extended common-mode, Cold-Spare and Fail-Safe support.

 

Applications: FPGA Supervisor

The GR716B implements GRSCRUB, an FPGA configuration supervisor responsible for programming and scrubbing the FPGA configuration memory to prevent accumulation of errors. The core is compatible with the Kintex UltraScale and Virtex-5 Xilinx FPGA families and it can be set to scrub the entire FPGA configuration memory or just a smaller area. GRSCRUB accesses the FPGA configuration memory through the SelectMap interface. The supervisor makes use of a golden FPGA configuration file that can be stored in ROM or RAM. Such file is available for configuring the FPGA at start-up and/or to repair the FPGA configuration memory in case of errors. The file also stores the mask data and the Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) codes used to check the configuration bitstream integrity.

Applications: Switching power applications

GR716B has integrated dedicated hardware to support at least 4 independent digitally-controlled DC/DC converters. It also supports complex switching power converters such as various full-bridge topologies. The overall real-time execution capability to support DC/DC applications is secured by tight integration between the real-time accelerator (RTA) and the hardware functionality such as integrated ADC, DAC, etc. To support a wide variety of power-supply applications GR716B provides RTAs in which the user can write application-specific software. In addition, general hardware, directly accessible from the RTAs, is implemented to execute all real-time functions that are time critical down to system-clock cycle level, such as PWMs, etc

Applications: Motor Drive

The GR716B architecture supports at least 4 brushless direct current (BLDC) motors or 4 permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM), in PWM control mode, or 6 micro stepper motors, or a combination of DC/DC controllers and different motors. The integrated hardware support for full-bridge and half-bridge power-converter topologies can be used to control a variety of different motor types. In motor control applications, hardware support for power converters can be combined with the ability to configure ADC measurements on at least 3 analog channels with simultaneous sampling time point for optimum motor regulation.

 

Features

  • Fault-tolerant  LEON3 SPARC V8 processor
    • 192 KiB on-chip RAM with EDAC
    • LEON-REX – extension with 16-bit instructions: improved code density
    • Double precision IEEE-754 pipelined floating point unit
    • Memory protection units
    • Deterministic software execution: Multiple non-intrusive buses, fixed interrupt latency, cache-less architecture
  • 2x Real Time Accelerator (RTA)
    • Offload the main LEON3 of demanding real-time tasks
  • External EDAC protected 8-bit PROM/SRAM memory
  • SPI memory protected by EDAC and dual memory redundancy
  • Power-on-Reset and Brown-out-detection
  • FPGA supervisor for programming and scrubbing Xilinx Virtex5 and Kintex UltraScale
  • Programmable PWM interface with Analog/Digital Voltage control and motor control loop support
  • Programmable pulse-width-modulation DAC
  • On-chip Boot ROM for low-level initialization and optional self-testing, standby and application loading
  • Remote boot through SpaceWire RMAP, CANOpen, SPI slave or UART
  • Enhanced DMA controller with support for ‘if-else’ statements
  • Timers with Watchdog
 

Interfaces

  • 2-Port SpaceWire Router with time distribution support, 200 Mbps max bitrate
    • LVDS with extended common-mode,  Cold-Spare and Fail-Safe support
  • 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet
  • MIL-STD-1553B interface
  • CAN-FD controller interface with CANopen support for remote boot
  • PacketWire with CRC acceleration support
  • Programmable Enhanced PWM with analog/digital voltage control loop support
  • SPI with SPI-for-Space protocols
  • UARTs, I2C, GPIO
  • Mixed General purpose inputs and outputs

Integrated Analog functions

  • 4x ADC: 11/14bit resolution, 500/80kSps, 4 diff or 8 single channels
  • 4x DAC: 12bit, 20Msps. 
  • 8x PWM DAC: 24bit, 25Msps.
  • 20x Analogue comparator: 20ns (60ns SET-hard)
  • PLL
  • Crystal Oscillator
  • Power-on-Reset and Brown-out-detection
  • 1.8V and 3.3V voltage monitors
  • LVDS transceivers with build-in reference
  • Rad Hardened voltage and current reference
  • Rad Hardened Low-drop regulators for single supply support
  • Rad Hardened external voltage references
  • Temperature sensor, Integrated PLL
  • On-chip regulator for 3.3V single supply

 Software Development Environment (SDE)

We provide compiler toolchains and development tools with GR716B-specific support such as the GR716B BSPs, GRMON support, and simulator CPU/IO models. The Bare-metal environment is free and open-source. The GR716-MINI board can be evaluated using the free GRMON3 evaluation version.

Our SDE for the GR716 consists of the following software components:

- BCC2 Bare-metal C/C++ GCC/LLVM toolchain environment

- GRMON3 hardware debugger

- TSIM3 GR716 instruction simulator

Memory support

  • 192KiB EDAC protected tightly coupled memory with single cycle access from processor and ATOMIC bit operations
  • Embedded ROM with bootloader for initializing and remote access
  • Dedicated SPI Memory interface with boot ROM capability
  • 8-bit SRAM/ROM I/F with support up to 16MiB ROM and 256MiB SRAM
  • Scrubber with programmable scrub rate for all embedded memories and external PROM/SRAM and SPI memories
  • Redundant boot memory (PROM/SRAM/SPI/I2C/NVRAM)
  • Application software container for checking software integrity using CRC
  • Boot from internal SRAM, external PROM/FLASH/SRAM/SPI/I2C memory

Availability
The GR716B microcontroller is currently in the development phase and there is no guarantee that a flight part will be developed, qualified or sold.

Resources

Document Link

GR716B Data Sheet and User’s Manual

Contact support@gaisler.com